In 1955 Howard L. Sanders sampled the benthic ecology of Buzzards Bay, Massachusetts. Following that he worked in Long Island Sound. In 1980 to 1982 Long Island Sound was re-sampled (Pellegrino and Hubbard ,1983). In 2011 a comparative re-sampling of the Sanders stations in Buzzards Bay, Massachusetts (Sanders, 1958), was initiated by the Coastal America Foundation . In 2023 similar ecological studies were initiated in Narragansett Bay, RI. This benthic community structure inventory is being conducted in association with the Foundation's Buzzards Bay and Narragansett Bay Oceanographic Project which includes temperature/water quality data logging stations and related climate change benchmarking.